6.1 Effective practice for collaborative activities

While the idea of group work sometimes instils fear in students and educators alike, this need not be the case. There are a number of effective practices that can ensure successful online group work.

Key to successful group work is to ensure:


  • Careful planning and alignment with learning outcomes can ensure successful group work.

Criteria for success

  • Provide explicit criteria for success – check that students understand the goals of the project and how you intend them to be achieved.

Teamwork skills

  • Allocate time for the development and management of teamwork skills – ask students to create a team contract right from the start, make this one of the project outcomes.


  • Create interdependence – make sure the group project goals necessitate the sharing of knowledge, skills, resources and goals.

Recognise individual contributions



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